Medical Information for Haiti

Current information regarding health needs while in Haiti can be found at the CDC website under Travelers’ Health http://www.cdc.gov/

Medicine

  1. Vaccines: Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid, Rabies.
  2. Routine Vaccines: These ones most people have already had. Just check your shot records.  influenza, varicella, polio. MMR, DTP.
  3. Anti-malaria pills: chloroquine phosphate (Aralen) one pill once a week. Start 1 week before arrival in Haiti and continue for 4 weeks after. Has less severe side effects than other anti-malaria pills and is the drug recommended for Haiti.
  4. Mosquito spray: Deet spray (up to 50%), permethrin spray (made for clothing but can spray in the room to keep mosquitoes away).
  5. Antibiotic: You may also talk to your doctor about giving you a prescription for an antibiotic in case you get sick.

Other Tips & Advice:

  1. Get started on vaccines and medical preparation ASAP because some vaccines take a few weeks to be activated.
  2. If traveling from different country than the United States, other vaccinations may be necessary.
  3. For anyone traveling with children, chronic conditions, pregnant, or other special population refer to your doctor for guidance.
  4. Travel Clinics provide a wealth of information and services for someone preparing to travel abroad.

How to stay healthy:

  1. Don’t drink the local water. This includes ice from the faucet and/or well.
  2. Only drink bottled water or treated water.
  3. Eat fully-cooked foods only. Fruits and veggies that have a skin and can be peeled off or are rinsed with clean water are normally good. Pasteurized milk products are also fine.
  4. Wash hands frequently (before/after food prep, after going to the bathroom, before eating, etc). Carrying a small bottle of hand sanitizer on your person is a good idea.
  5. Don’t touch your face with unclean hands
  6. Use bug spray to prevent bug bites
  7. Don’t play with animals
  8. Avoid contact with people that are sick
  9. Use common sense.

Packing Medical supplies

  1. Prescriptions (best to have in carry-on in the event luggage is lost)
  2. Keep all your personal prescription medications in their original containers (copies of all prescriptions should be carried, including the generic names for medications.) Packing more than you will need is a good practice.
  3. A note from the prescribing physician on letterhead stationery is needed for controlled substances and injectable medications (Epipen, insulin, diabetes testing supplies etc.)
  4. Anti-malaria medications
  5. Prescription for Travelers’ diarrhea antibiotic

First Aid Kit

  1. Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medication (e.g., bismuth subsalicylate, loperamide)
  2. Antihistamine (Benadryl)
  3. Decongestant, alone or in combination with antihistamine
  4. Anti-motion sickness medication
  5. Acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen, or other similar medication for pain or fever (Tylenol, Motrin, etc.)
  6. Cough suppressant/expectorant
  7. Cough drops
  8. Antacid
  9. Antifungal and antibacterial ointments or creams (Neosporin)
  10. 1% hydrocortisone cream
  11. Band-aids, gauze, ace wrap, antiseptic to clean wounds, tweez-ers, scissors, cotton-tipped applicators, disposable gloves, etc

Other Important Items

  1. Insect repellent containing DEET (up to 50%)
  2. Sunscreen (preferably SPF 15 or greater)
  3. Aloe gel for sunburns
  4. Digital thermometer
  5. Oral rehydration solution packets (can also use Gatorade)
  6. Antibacterial hand wipes or alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol
  7. Lubricating eye drops
  8. Glasses/contacts (extra pair if something happens to first)
  9. First aid quick reference card
  10. Copy of health insurance information and traveler’s insurance information

Contact card

  1. Carry a contact card containing the street addresses, phone numbers, and e-mail addresses of the following:
  2. Family member or close contact remaining in the United States
  3. Health care provider(s) at home
  4. Lodging at your destination
  5. Hospitals or clinics (including emergency services) in your destination
  6. U.S. embassy or consulate in the destination country or countries